When it comes to science, astronomy is concerned with everything that exists outside of our solar system. Astronomy is the study of the universe’s celestial bodies and galaxies beyond our own. Here, we will be looking at the best countries to study astronomy. It’s an exciting field to explore, especially if you like discovering new things!

Once you’re an astronomy major, you’ll study things like star creation and death, galaxies’ structures, and the expansion of the cosmos. It has components of both physics and mathematics, as well as connections to other fields like astrophysics. This field can open many opportunities for growth and it can take you anywhere, even to the moon,

You can learn with the most up-to-date equipment by taking an astronomy program overseas. Access to high-tech telescopes and monitoring systems is critical for astronomy programs; this equipment isn’t always available at universities where you attend class. Now, if you’re aiming to study astronomy abroad, where should you study? In this article, we listed down some countries you can consider for astronomy programs!

Is Astronomy In Demand?

For the past years, research shows that the field of astronomy has been growing and is expected to boom. For various reasons, a lot of research is being conducted in space that is widely connected to our planet, so there is a need for new astronomers in the field. Additionally, big thanks to the growing field of science and technology, more job opportunities are open to future astronomers.

What are the Best Universities for Astronomy?

The best universities for astronomy studies are the Technical University of Munich in Germany, the University of Tokyo in Japan, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the USA. More than these universities, there are a lot of educational institutions around the globe that offers astronomy that ranks well. You’ll see that those countries with innovative technologies have excellent astronomy programs. They give more hands-on training in state-of-the-art facilities, and they have more research opportunities.

To help you choose a university, we listed down the countries you can consider for your astronomy programs and some of the best universities you can enroll in. Make sure to read more!

Best Countries to Study Astronomy Abroad

1. Japan

  • Reasons: Space program, scholarships, financial support for living expenses, and government effort on globalization.

In terms of space prowess, Japan is a leader in the Asian region, making Japan one of the best countries to study astronomy abroad. The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency oversees the country’s national aerospace research and development efforts. In February 1970, Japan became the fourth country to have its own satellite launch capability when it launched its first satellite, Osumi, into orbit. Satellites for meteorology, communication, astronomy, and earth observation are all now in operation.

In addition, the Japanese government offers financial assistance to entice international students. Several university programs are being developed to help students build global competency by encouraging and deepening collaboration and partnerships with the world’s most outstanding universities. Personnel reform is taking place, as well as educational system improvements, with universities at the forefront.

The University of Tokyo, Kyoto University, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tohoku University, and Osaka University are excellent places to study astronomy if you’re interested in going to Japan.

2. Germany

  • Reasons: Advancement in astronomy, space program, superb institutions, low-cost living, and employment options.

Germany has made significant contributions to the advancement of physics and astronomy, as evidenced by the presence of notable physicists like Albert Einstein and Johannes Kepler. The German Aerospace Center oversees the country’s space program, which aids the European Space Agency and the European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites. A number of satellites have been launched by the country, including navigational, telecommunications, and Earth observation systems.

Germany is home to some of the top universities in the world. It’s no surprise that these universities are frequently rated as some of the best in the world. Among the many reasons why students choose these schools is their excellent quality of education, the practical experience they provide during their studies, and, most significantly, the welcoming and safe environment they provide both during their time there and after graduation as well.

The cost of living in Germany is also comparable to other European countries for international students. Students from other countries are also permitted to work part-time without obtaining any additional qualifications.

If you want to study astronomy in Germany, you should take into account the following universities: Technical University of Munich, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, and RWTH Aachen University.

3. Russia

  • Reasons: Space program, job opportunities, low tuition fees, and high-quality education.

The Russian Federal Space Agency, also known as Roscosmos, is the government agency in charge of the Russian space science program as well as their general aerospace research. As the first country to launch a space mission and send astronauts into orbit, Russia is an excellent country to study astronomy.

Space tourism, on the other hand, is scheduled to take off in Russia in 2025 due to the private CosmoCourse company. Roscosmos granted the business a space flight license in 2017. Students should also be acquainted with companies like S7 SPACE and StartRocket. Astronomy graduates will find plenty of job prospects in the country.

Furthermore, because of the low cost of tuition, many international students prefer to study in Russia. According to international students, tuition in Russia is extremely reasonable for the high quality of education provided. Russian public education has a long tradition of giving all of its residents’ world-class education. This fact should pique the curiosity of potential students.

If you want to study astronomy in Russia, the Lomonosov Moscow State University, Kazan Federal University, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, and Saint Petersburg State University are good universities to take a look at.

4. Finland

  • Reasons: Space program, government funding in the field, research, excellent university facilities, and renowned education system.

Finnish space activities are guided by a national space plan and carried out through ESA projects, national programs, and bilateral international agreements. Because Finland has been a member of ESA since 1995, it has actively participated in several of its space projects, such as SOHO, Cluster, ISO, INTEGRAL, and Mars Express.

National financing for science and technology is never in short supply in the country. Two large space instrumentation programs were even funded by the government, in part through astronomy institutes.

International students flock to Finland as well due to its excellent educational system. It is developed in such a way that graduates can adapt to changing conditions, ensuring that they have the talents to succeed in their chosen industries. Research is even carried out in universities, such as the University of Helsinki, which has the necessary research facilities needed by astronomy students.

If you want to pursue an astronomy degree in Finland, the University of Turku, the University of Helsinki, and Aalto University are all excellent options.

5.  Belgium

  • Reasons: University collaborations, research and internship opportunities, flexibility, and diversity.

The Belgian program encourages university collaboration. Examples are VUB and UGent. This enables students to tailor their education to their specific interests.  Students receive a good education as a physicist, which is essential for astronomists, and they will have the opportunity to participate in high-level research. Researchers have strong ties throughout Belgium, Europe, and beyond. There is even a possibility of doing an internship on different research projects.

In addition to offering students the chance to study abroad, Belgium is an ideal country for studying astronomy especially for students seeking a culturally diverse experience owing to the country’s three official languages and closeness to other European nations.

If you’re interested in pursuing an astronomy degree in Belgium, check out Vrije Universiteit Brussel, KU Leuven, and Ghent University.

6. The United States of America

  • Reasons: Leading space program, top universities, and excellent job outlook.

When people think about astronomy, NASA immediately comes to mind. After being formed in October of 1958, the US space agency, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, has been involved in a number of notable space programs ever since. Project Apollo was NASA’s first attempt to send a human being to the moon. Current NASA missions include research into climate change, freshwater resources, the evolution of the Sun’s mysteries, and life in distant worlds. Students of astronomy may be interested in this.

Orbital Sciences Corporation, Space Exploration Technologies Corporation, and Sierra Nevada Space Systems are just a few of the aerospace-related businesses located in the United States. It will be easy for astronomy students to get work since there are plenty of opportunities in both the public and commercial sectors.

If you wish to study astronomy in the United States, consider the following universities: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Harvard University, Stanford University, University of California, Berkeley, and California Institute of Technology.

7. Canada

  • Reasons: Competitive universities, space programs, relatively cheaper tuition fees, diversity, and well-regarded education.

Despite the fact that no country can come close to matching the United States in terms of physics and astronomy, Canada has a respectable seven entries in the top 200 universities worldwide. When compared to the United States, Canadian education is also a more affordable choice for delivering high-quality instruction. Astronomy students may also be interested in Canada’s space program because the Canadian Space Agency currently runs a fleet of earth observation and communication satellites for the country.

Because of its safe atmosphere and diverse population, this country also welcomes international students and is home to prestigious institutions, which is why Canada is one of the best countries to study astronomy. There is an international influx of students to the world’s most prestigious universities and schools. People who study in Canada have little problem getting good employment in any area since employers highly respect Canadian college and university graduates.

In Canada, there are several universities where you may study astronomy: Canadian universities include the University of Toronto, University of British Columbia, McGill University, University of Waterloo, and the University of Alberta.


I hope that this article on Best Countries to Study Astronomy was helpful. To know more information on studying abroad, check out the Available Programs for International Students.